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Blood Sugar Level And even Details On Fasting Blood Glucose

A blood sugar level or blood glucose level measures just how effectively a person’s body is processing the glucose that is taken in via the diet. Test results can be obtained by a uncomplicated finger poke with a glucometer or using a traditional lab venipuncture. There are various checks which can pinpoint blood sugar levels at a number of stages, like a fasting, random, 2-hour glucose tolerance test, and glycated hemoglobin test. Most of these exams measure blood glucose levels with a easy procedure, but the results will be able to differentiate among normal, pre-diabetes, and type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Furthermore there might also be other signs and symptoms present that are indicative of your blood glucose level being too low or too high.

Most of the time a blood sugar level is drawn randomly, unless the primary care provider has specifically requested a patient to fast prior to having the exam performed. A random examination does not take into consideration the last time a individual ate a meal or a snack. According to the Mayo Clinic, a usual random reading should be much less than 100 mg/dL; pre-diabetes is suggested if the level is greater than 100 mg/dL but much less than 199 mg/dL. A level above 200 mg/dL or higher is indicative of either type 1 or type 2 diabetes. A fasting blood sugar level is drawn after an eight hour period with no food or beverages with sugar or calories. This check is usually drawn first thing in the morning, and is considered regular if the level is below 70 mg/dL. If diabetes is suspected after preliminary tests, then a 2-hour glucose tolerance check is ordered. Fasting is also required for this examination to get accurate results. Patients first drink a sugary liquid and then have their blood drawn two hours later. A typical reading is much less than 140 mg/dL, pre-diabetes is suggested if level is among 140-199 mg/dL, and type 1 or type 2 if level is 200 mg/dL or greater. The glycated hemoglobin or hemoglobin A1C examination is used not to diagnose diabetes, but to manage ongoing treatment. It measures the average blood sugar level for the previous three month period, and indicates how well diabetes has been managed during that time.

It is recommended that everyone have their blood sugar level checked from time to time to make sure that glucose is within the typical range. Low and high blood sugar levels are ordinarily accompanied by symptoms which have been related to how low or high glucose is within the bloodstream. Once diabetes is diagnosed, patients are instructed to check their blood sugar levels often for proper management of their disease, cut out refined sugar from the diet, get ample exercise on a regular basis, and follow their prescribed plan of care for the best results.

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